The wolf (or gray wolf) represents a species of canidae very widespread in the world. It is the distant ancestor of the dog. It is a social animal that lives in a pack, which consists of two to twenty members. The wolf pack is subject to a well-established social hierarchy in order to organize life within the pack.
Each wolf has a specific rank. The Alpha couple is at the top of the hierarchy, followed by the Beta wolf, then the Gamma wolf, and then the Omega wolf, who is at the bottom. The new cubs of the year are not affected by this hierarchy, since they are not yet mature.
We invite you to consult this article to discover the role of each member in this structuring.
The Alpha wolf is the dominant male in the pack. He is at the top of the social ladder, together with his Alpha wife. They are the leaders who run the clan and take charge of all decisions related to survival, travel, hunting, territory defense, etc.
Since these leaders occupy a royal position, they enjoy several privileges that distinguish them from other wolves. In particular, they are the ones who eat first. They occupy the most comfortable dens, to rest, to mate, to raise cubs and to protect them against attacks from enemies.
Moreover, the Alpha wolves are the only ones who can reproduce. In particular, the alpha female forbids the other wolves of the pack to multiply by harassing them. Note that this wolf has only one chance per year to reproduce. She gives birth to 4 or 8 cubs after a gestation period of about 2 months.
The Alpha wolf represents the symbol of authority, determination, strength and loyalty. This is why it defends its territory at all costs, alongside its fellow wolves. To ensure better protection of the pack and to announce to the other troops that the pack rules the territory in question, the clan members mark their area with claw marks, excrement, urine or anal secretions. They leave these substances in strategic and visible areas, to make them easier to detect by outsider wolves.
This dominant wolf commands the pack with a true leadership attitude. In particular, he walks around with his head and tail high and his ears pointed. In return, the other wolves show their respect and servitude by adopting the complete opposite posture.
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The beta wolf is the second most important wolf, directly after the Alpha wolf. He plays the role of "bodyguard" to protect him in case of danger. He represents the individual who enforces the rules set by the dominant wolf to lead the pack.
To fulfill this role, the beta wolf is characterized by a powerful morphology allowing him to protect his clan against intruders and to fight with skill. Moreover, it has a stronger voice than the Alpha wolf. In particular, its howling can resist 3 to 4 times longer than the latter. Therefore, its cry is used to give impetus to the calls of the group.
The Gamma Wolf follows the Beta and ranks third. It uses its instinctive abilities to monitor suspicious movements and protect the territory from potential dangers. It constantly monitors the territory to warn the Beta and Alpha wolves of any threats, while maintaining the order of the hierarchy and the rules within the clan.
The Omega Wolf wears the hat of a whipping boy or outlet, absorbing the tensions and hostilities that arise between members of the pride. He throws himself between the enraged wolves to stop their fight and shout out their anger. His mission is to restore the balance of the pack and make it serene.
He is recognized by his distinguished morphology: a flattened coat and lowered ears that describe the status of this wolf.
🐺 Conclusion 🐺
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